The Alexandrian

Review: Ten Candles

May 19th, 2016

Ten Candles - Stephen Dewey

Ten days ago something, or someone, blotted out the sky. Now no stars can be seen, all communication with satellites has been lost, and the sun no longer lights up the sky. Five days ago, They came. No one knows who or what They are, but two very important things are clear:

They fear the light.

They’re coming for you.

Ten Candles is a masterful storytelling game by Stephen Dewey. The basic premise of the game remains the same every time you play: The sun and stars went out. They came. You and a handful of other survivors are clinging to flickering sources of light and trying to find a safe haven. But the mechanics of the game vary the identity, nature, and goals They possess, and this can be combined with an almost endless variety of starting conditions (which the book amply demonstrates by including twenty-five radically different modules) to create something unique and special every time you play.

Your characters will die. The story we’re going to tell today is not one of survival, but one of hope and loss. This is a story about what happens in the dark and the final few hours in the lives of a group of survivors fighting against it, losing themselves within it, and inevitably being consumed by it. Though their endeavor may be doomed to fail, it is our duty to make this story of their struggle as meaningful as possible.

During character creation, two major things will happen: First, your character will be defined by a Vice, a Virtue, a Hope (a moment which will give your character hope if it occurs during the game), and a Brink (the place to which your character can be pushed when things become desperate; and a place to which one of the other characters at the table has seen you go before). Second, ten candles are lit in the middle of the table.

Once character creation is completed, the first scene begins. The players receive a communal pool of 10 six-sided dice (equal to the number of lit dice). Whenever a conflict roll needs to be made, the character initiating the conflict rolls the communal dice pool:

  • As long as you roll at least one 6, the conflict is successful.
  • Any dice that roll 1 are lost and discarded for the rest of the scene.

If the roll results in failure, a candle is darkened and the scene comes to an end. At that point, the communal dice pool is restored to the now reduced number of lit candles, and the GM gets a pool of dice equal to the number of darkened candles which can be rolled in order to seize narrative control of successful conflict rolls away from the players.

The major wrinkle to this simple resolution mechanic is that players can choose to burn their character traits: Each trait is written on a card and placed in a stack when the game begins, allowing each player to burn the top card of their stack. Literally burn it: Light it on a candle’s flame and toss it into a burn pot in the middle of the table. (This doesn’t destroy the character trait in the sense that it still defines who your character is, but it does force each trait of your character to be placed in the spotlight as the game proceeds.) Vices and Virtues can be burned to reroll 1’s. You can attempt to achieve your Hope by staging the moment and making a conflict roll. And your Brink, which is always a character’s last card, can be used to reroll all dice in a check repeatedly… until a check ultimately fails, at which point the Brink card is lost.

Once only one candle remains, unsuccessful conflict rolls now result in the death of the character attempting them. When the last character dies or the last candle burns out, the game concludes.


The atmospheric effect of playing Ten Candles in a darkened room is tremendously effective: The candles going out one by one. The ritualistic elements of burning the cards. It all greatly heightens the mood of horror, suspense, and fatal tragedy engendered by the game’s premise.

But what makes Ten Candles a great game is its perfect control over pacing: Each scene builds in tension as the dice pool dwindles… and dwindles… and dwindles until failure seems absolutely certain and a candle is darkened forever. The restoration of the dice pool relieves this tension, but now the path to desperation is shorter. And so each scene generally becomes shorter, more intense, and more desperate creating an ever-escalating cycle of tension and release.

This simple pacing pattern is expertly disrupted, however, by the Brink mechanics: As the game nears its end, more and more of the characters will be pushed to the edge. And because each Brink survives until a roll is failed, at the very end of the game — as things reach their most desperate level — there is a momentary suspension of hope.

All of this is then thematically colored by the GM’s growing dice pool, allowing the GM to seize narrative control more and more frequently and viscerally creating in the mechanics the loss of control being experienced by the characters.


A few years back I talked about how the fundamental failure of Dread — despite the strength of its core novelty — was the fact that the mechanics of the game ultimately created pacing that was deeply and irrevocably flawed: The collapsing Jenga tower created a similar “rising tension” to the Ten Candles scene mechanics, but on a scale of time which combines poorly with early player elimination and which lacks a satisfying conclusion. Although Ten Candles uses a completely different set of mechanics, I’ve repeatedly found myself comparing the two games because of the similar pacing hard-coded into their mechanics.

And, at the end of the day, I feel like Ten Candles basically just kills Dread and takes its stuff.

The only limitation of Ten Candles is that it’s tied to the central conceit of the sun going out and Them appearing. But I don’t think the ties are particularly tight: Although you might lose the thematic connection which exists between the candles and the loss-of-light premise, there’s really only one step in the character creation process which would need to be adapted for other premises. (There’s one card during Brink phase on which a player writes the Brink for Them. You would need to shift the nature of that card to match whatever survival horror scenario you were running.)

In any case, Ten Candles is great. I’ve only had the game for a couple of weeks and it’s already hit my table multiple times, which is a strong testament to its quality. An even stronger testament, perhaps, is that multiple players have bought copies of their own and are either planning to run or have already run their own sessions. That only happens when a game is getting something very, very right.

In short, Ten Candles nails it.




Style: 5
Substance: 5

Author: Stephen Dewey
Publisher: Cavalry Games
Print Cost: $28.00
PDF Cost: $10.00
Page Count: 90

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9 Responses to “Review: Ten Candles”

  1. Yora says:

    This sounds really fun. More like a novelty game than something to play regularly, but very fun.

    But what do players actually do? Everybody dies is a foregone conclusion. I have difficulty imagining what the players would be trying to work towards to.

  2. Jonathan Killstring says:

    Fascinating-looking game. I somehow missed this, thanks for shedding some light on it!

    Some precious, fading light.

  3. Chrysophylax says:

    This looks great! I really like the design and the feel of it. OTOH, my inner munchkin promptly started trying to invent ways to survive anyway, or at least accomplish something useful. The key seems to be making it awesome enough that the GM will let it stand, and after that, making the plan short and simple, so that most of it is handled with a large dice pool.

    @Yora: the characters don’t know they’re doomed.

  4. Justin Alexander says:

    @Yora: To expand on what Chrysophylax wrote, Ten Candles is a storytelling game. As with all STGs, there is a dissociation between the players and the characters and, like most STGs, it places the players in a strong authorial stance. The players know that their characters are doomed (and this knowledge frames how they craft the story they’re creating), but the characters themselves don’t: They’ll fight. They’ll struggle. They’ll push on.

    What form that struggle for survival takes will depend a lot on the circumstances in which they find themselves and also on the exact nature of Them as it’s revealed through the game.

  5. kalyptein says:

    Do you think it’s possible to tweak the system to allow for survival? I share your reservations about Dread’s pacing and would like to explore alternatives in that same game niche, but a mandatory “everyone dies” ending really kills my interest.

  6. Justin Alexander says:

    I’d definitely recommend trying it by-the-book at least once to experience what the game is capable of.

    But giving it some thought, I’d look at the Hope die mechanic (which I don’t delve into in the review). Short version: Over the course of the game, each player has an opportunity to gain a Hope die.

    I’d look at tweaking the final scene mechanics so that you have an opportunity to make a Hope pool roll (rolling all the surviving Hope dice in the group) to set up an escape opportunity. (I’d either require structured rolls to set up the opportunity or a structure of rolls to realize the opportunity after it had been set up. Basically, it’s not just a “one roll and you survive! yay!” thing; survival requires struggle in addition to the key turning point.)

  7. Stephen Dewey says:

    Hey @kalyptein & @Chrysophylax,

    I designed the game and may be able to offer a little insight into that design decision.

    Ten Candles is created as a “Tragic Horror” game, rather than a “Survival Horror” game for several reasons. One simply being that there are a huge number of absolutely BRILLIANT survival horror games out there (Dread, The Final Girl, Geiger Counter, Our Last Best Hope, etc) that already do that genre very well and I have an incredible amount of respect for.

    The main design decision however was to push forward Ten Candles as a very unique storytelling experience. If all of the players know at the beginning that their characters will die, it removes the idea of “winning” entirely. This does a few things.

    The first is that where you would normally see a Player vs. GM relationship, where the players are trying to munchkin, outsmart, or “beat” the GM with their great ideas, instead what happens is that the game is very collaborative. Everyone is working *together* to tell a tragic story about these doomed survivors. You “win” as a group, by telling an awesome and terror-filled story.

    Removing the idea of winning, promoting a communal storytelling game where everyone’s working to tell a tragic and terrifying story, and asking players to guide hopeful characters even though we know there is no escape — that’s the stuff that makes Ten Candles tick. The entire rules system is built around the idea of that end slowly encroaching, and is designed for telling these heavy stories about a group of survivors and the final few hours they have left.

    This amazing thing happens with removing any chance at survival. It frees players to really delve into the darker parts of the game, to allow their characters to lose hope, and to embrace these heavy themes without worrying about how the game ends. Players will just as often throw victories at their characters as they will obstacles and tragic events because the way you “win” is by working together to tell an evocative story. It’s not about *if* you die. It’s about *how*, and what you have the ability to accomplish in those final hours.

    As Justin mentioned, I’d suggest taking a read through the rules and play it through once or twice as designed. I think you’ll get a sense for how that all fits together. If you have any other questions, I’ll try to keep an eye on here or you can hit me up @shiftyginger on twitter. Thanks!

  8. tzinc says:

    the whole feel of the game is different when you know you’re not going to make it

    there are some movies out there where people realize they won’t make it and it changes the feel totally

    there are lots of games with survival and those games are different in feel

    ultimately after your characters die the good news is you can play again as another set of characters

  9. Hannu says:

    I saw your review at Patreon. Immediately purchased the pdf – read it twice and had our first game on it the following evening. Great fun was had by all. Assured TPK brought in real cool flavor for the players. Everyone dived in and we had wonderful fun with 55 year old overweight firechief, 70 year old female building architect, 30 year old butcher and 30 year old lumberjack. It ended with white phosphor grenades shot from rapid fire grenade launcher, old lady going to the brink and throwing her loved pet shpherd’s dog to the alien slime monster – people doing their own death scenes in technicolor stunt movie style. Loads of roleplaying and great fun. One off nature really let the players to rip it to the max. Mechanics are just great. The moments, the brinks – really lovely RPG.

    The question is – who has made more modules for this….

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